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사이트맵

It is difficult to pinpoint exactly when people in Korea started buying and selling sex. During the Chosun Dynasty, women called gisaeng were famous for entertaining male customers by dancing, singing, and making art pieces such as paintings and poetry. Even though they were from the lower class, they were considered artists and usually did not sell their bodies. On the other hand, historical records show that by the late nineteenth century, there were also a number of yunyeo or chang-gi who did perform sexual acts for money. It is important to note that even though some women sold sex, at this time selling and buying sex were private affairs that took place in secret without official autho-rization.


JAPANESE OCCUPATION PERIOD

In 1904, by Japanese legation, for the first time in Korea history people selling for pleasure and sex(prostitution) were legally identified as a profession. Following in 1916, licensed prostitution was implemented also by the Japanese lega-tion. At this period sex trade was officially recognized and spread nationwide.


LIBERATION AND THE KOREAN WAR

Licensed prostitutions were shut down by the U.S legation in 1947. However, this did not actually make sex-trafficking disappear. Even though licensed prostitution had been abolished, most women in Korea, regardless of social status or class, were in dire poverty and were responsible for feeding their families. Many women in this situa-tion flowed into the sex industry to survive. In addition, after the Japanese vacated their bases in Korea, the U.S army took them over, and many licensed prostitution areas that gad catered to the Japanese turned into the U.S army kijichons. These kijichons flourished under the Korean government's protection, receiving breaks such as tax benefits for the kijichons' pimps and traffickers.


DURING PARK JUNG-HEE'S REGIME (1960-1970'S)

Even though the Korean government passed the Act on the prevention of Morally Degrading Behaviors (APMDB) in 1961, selling and buying sex was srill viewed as something to be regulated by individuals' moral judgment and sexual ethics, rather than by the state or national government. Additionally, the APMDB only punished women caught in the sex trade, calling them morally corrupt, while looking the other way for pimps, traffickers, and johns. However the collapse of rural households caused an influx of women into the sex industry for the 'well being of my family, my father, my brother'.
At this period the government began to build towns for prostitution around the U.S military bases for the pleasure of U.S military personnel. Also, in the name of economic growth, the government used women in the sex industry as a lure for the tourism. Moreover department for kisaeng tour(high-class Korean style restaurant equipped with female entertainers) was established within International Tourism Association to encourage sex tourism among foreign tour-ists.


1980's

With government's 3S(Sex, Screen, Sports) policy and continuous economic growth, the home market in sex industry through trafficking and kidnapping.


FROM 1990's TILL MOW

The sex-trafficking in Korean society is a creature of social, cultural, and historical conditions, and there are several issues that helped shape the Korean sex- trafficking into the massive industry it is today. Korea is becoming a gigantic interna-tional market for the sex trade, and women entering the industry are getting younger each year. Korea is now import-ing foreign women from developing countries to feed its growing sex trade epidemic.